利用Python进行m3u8切片并自动上传ts到图床

经常在各种影视站看到图床切片的视频,研究了下。

首先看效果(新人练手项目,代码很烂,重在思路)

本文不提供相关接口,仅做技术复现!

前期准备

需要首先安装 ffmpeg 并配置到环境变量(使用命令行输入 ffmpeg 可以正常打开的那种)
https://www.gyan.dev/ffmpeg/builds/

https://github.com/BtbN/FFmpeg-Builds/releases

目录结构

项目分为以下几部分

  1. 对 mp4 文件进行格式转换,转成单个 ts 文件
  2. 对 单个 ts 文件进行转换,转成 m3u8 文件和 ts 切片文件
  3. 对 ts 切片文件进行重构,使其具有 png 文件格式的文件头
  4. 上传图床并根据返回的结果重写之前 m3u8 文件。

一、文件转换部分
mp4 转 单个 ts

def video_to_ts(video_path):
    ts_all = ".//ts_single//ts_single.ts"
    cmd_str = f'ffmpeg -y -i {video_path} -vcodec copy -acodec copy -vbsf h264_mp4toannexb {ts_all}'
    subprocess.run(cmd_str, encoding="utf-8", shell=True)
    print(f'从 {video_path} 转换到 {cmd_str} 成功!')

二、生成 m3u8 文件
单个 ts 转 m3u8

def ts_to_m3u8(ts_single, singlg_time):
    cmd_str = f'ffmpeg -i {ts_single} -c copy -map 0 -f segment -segment_list temp_playlist.m3u8 -segment_time {singlg_time} ./ts_all/%03d.ts'
    subprocess.run(cmd_str, encoding="utf-8", shell=True)
    print(f'从 {ts_single} 转换到 temp_playlist.m3u8 成功!')

三、ts 文件格式处理部分
首先重命名为 PNG 后缀

def rename_ts_to_png():
    file_list = os.listdir("./ts_all")
    for i in file_list:
        if i.endswith(".ts"):
            new_name = i.replace(".ts", ".png")
            os.rename("./ts_all/" + i, "./ts_all/" + new_name)
    print("rename_ts_to_png")

重写覆写 ts文件头,使其拥有 PNG 文件头

def rewrite_ts_to_png():
    file_list = os.listdir("./ts_all")
    for i in file_list:
        copyfile("PNG", "./ts_rewrite/" + i)
    print("rewrite_ts_to_png")
    file_list = os.listdir("./ts_rewrite")
    for i in file_list:
        if i.endswith(".png"):
            bin_file = open("./ts_all/" + i, 'rb')  # 打开二进制文件
            # 合并文件
            with open("./ts_rewrite/" + i, 'ab') as f:
                f.write(bin_file.read())
            bin_file.close()
    return None

PNG 文件头 16 进制数据如下(放在项目目录命名为 PNG )

图片[1]-利用Python进行m3u8切片并自动上传ts到图床-云村Study

89504E470D0A1A0A0000000D4948445200000320000003200803000000ECAEF65A0000001974455874536F6674776172650041646F626520496D616765526561647971C9653C00000006504C5445000000000000A567B9CF0000000174524E530040E6D866000002864944415478DAECC1010D000000C2A0F74F6D0E37A0

四、文件上传以及重写 M3U8 文件
文件上传

# 上传图片
def updateImage(filepath):
    _upload_url = "******************************/api/content/file/upload"
    files = {'media': open(filepath, 'rb')}
    upload_res = requests.post(_upload_url, files=files)
    print('正在上传:', filepath)
    return upload_res.json()

提取返回的 url

def upload_list(_upload_url):
    _file_dict = {}
    file_list = os.listdir(_upload_url)
    for i in file_list:
        data_json = updateImage(_upload_url + i)
        _file_dict[i] = data_json["***"]["*pic*"] + "\n"
    return _file_dict

重写 m3u8 文件

def rewrite_m3u8(m3u8_file, file_dict):
    print(file_dict)
    with open(m3u8_file, 'r') as f:
        lines = f.readlines()
        for i in lines:
            rename = i.replace("ts", "png").replace("\n", "")
            if rename in file_dict.keys():
                lines[lines.index(i)] = file_dict[rename]
                print("正在替换:", i)
    with open(m3u8_file, 'w') as f:
        f.writelines(lines)
    print("rewrite_m3u8")

五、串联以上代码的入口函数

if __name__ == '__main__':
    video_to_ts("video.mp4")
    ts_to_m3u8("./ts_single/ts_single.ts", "5")
    rename_ts_to_png()
    rewrite_ts_to_png()
    upload_url = "./ts_rewrite/"
    file_dict = upload_list(upload_url)
    rewrite_m3u8("./temp_playlist.m3u8", file_dict)
    print("main")

需要自行创建文件夹及准备文件

  • ./ts_single/
  • ./ts_all/
  • ./ts_rewrite/
  • ./video.mp4
  • ./PNG

完整代码 (无上传接口版本)

# coding:utf-8

import subprocess
import requests
from shutil import copyfile
import os


def video_to_ts(video_path):
    ts_all = ".//ts_single//ts_single.ts"
    cmd_str = f'ffmpeg -y -i {video_path} -vcodec copy -acodec copy -vbsf h264_mp4toannexb {ts_all}'
    subprocess.run(cmd_str, encoding="utf-8", shell=True)
    print(f'从 {video_path} 转换到 {cmd_str} 成功!')


def ts_to_m3u8(ts_single, singlg_time):
    cmd_str = f'ffmpeg -i {ts_single} -c copy -map 0 -f segment -segment_list temp_playlist.m3u8 -segment_time {singlg_time} ./ts_all/%03d.ts'
    subprocess.run(cmd_str, encoding="utf-8", shell=True)
    print(f'从 {ts_single} 转换到 temp_playlist.m3u8 成功!')


def rename_ts_to_png():
    file_list = os.listdir("./ts_all")
    for i in file_list:
        if i.endswith(".ts"):
            new_name = i.replace(".ts", ".png")
            os.rename("./ts_all/" + i, "./ts_all/" + new_name)
    print("rename_ts_to_png")


def rewrite_ts_to_png():
    file_list = os.listdir("./ts_all")
    for i in file_list:
        copyfile("PNG", "./ts_rewrite/" + i)
    print("rewrite_ts_to_png")
    file_list = os.listdir("./ts_rewrite")
    for i in file_list:
        if i.endswith(".png"):
            bin_file = open("./ts_all/" + i, 'rb')  # 打开二进制文件
            # 合并文件
            with open("./ts_rewrite/" + i, 'ab') as f:
                f.write(bin_file.read())
            bin_file.close()
    return None


# 上传图片
def updateImage(filepath):
    _upload_url = "*************************************************"
    files = {'media': open(filepath, 'rb')}
    upload_res = requests.post(_upload_url, files=files)
    print('正在上传:', filepath)
    return upload_res.json()


def upload_list(_upload_url):
    _file_dict = {}
    file_list = os.listdir(_upload_url)
    for i in file_list:
        data_json = updateImage(_upload_url + i)
        _file_dict[i] = data_json["****"]["******"] + "\n"
    return _file_dict


def rewrite_m3u8(m3u8_file, file_dict):
    print(file_dict)
    with open(m3u8_file, 'r') as f:
        lines = f.readlines()
        for i in lines:
            rename = i.replace("ts", "png").replace("\n", "")
            if rename in file_dict.keys():
                lines[lines.index(i)] = file_dict[rename]
                print("正在替换:", i)
    with open(m3u8_file, 'w') as f:
        f.writelines(lines)
    print("rewrite_m3u8")


if __name__ == '__main__':
    video_to_ts("video.mp4")
    ts_to_m3u8("./ts_single/ts_single.ts", "5")
    rename_ts_to_png()
    rewrite_ts_to_png()
    upload_url = "./ts_rewrite/"
    file_dict = upload_list(upload_url)
    rewrite_m3u8("./temp_playlist.m3u8", file_dict)
    print("main")

 

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